How Does An IPTV Work?

Online streaming is being very popular these days as more and more online activities are taking place and consumption of IPTV is one of them. We are not saying that traditional TVs are disappearing but there are definitely some changes coming to the trend of the TV industry. People are choosing to go for IPTV rather than satellite TV. Internet-based streaming is becoming so famous that people prefer having IPTV services at their places and that’s why every day hundreds of new people are becoming IPTV customers. Usually, people don’t really care about owning the content as much as they do about accessing it and this is there IPTV comes to action.

What is IPTV?

IPTV stands for Internet-based Protocol Television and in this TV service, the Internet is used to deliver the TV content like programs and videos. You can also watch live shows or other TV shows on demand. The digital TV service is delivered to the customer through internet protocol technology in which broadband or internet connection becomes the medium. Some famous platforms like YouTube or Netflix have the same idea behind their working. IPTV lets you use a single subscription within a home for multiple TV setups which is not the case with standard cable or satellite connection. IPTV users also have other advantages and that is being able to pick the programs or shows that they want to watch. Users can choose any show at any time.

If you want to know more about IPTV then you should first have knowledge about satellite TV so that you can understand the concept.

Both TV formats, cable, and IPTV, have to be tuned in before you go-ahead to watch any show or program that you want to. But there is a fundamental difference between both of them and that is cave TV works through a wired connection whereas IPTV works with the help of the internet without any wire being the medium. One basic example of Cable TV is Time Warner Cable and the example of satellite TV is DirecTV.

IPTV delivers the content through an internet portal and this is what IP IPTV stands for. The signals are delivered to the Set-top box. Most of the TVs (traditional models) do not work without the set-top box if you want to watch IPTV on them as they are made under the concept of its usage and that’s why you would need a set-top box. Internet networks offer content through the same client-server model that renders email, websites, and other Internet-based services. If you are wondering what is IP then it is the language that is used for transferring data packets between computers attached to the internet.

The customer can request any TV show and can get it easily through an IP based network instead of cable or satellite. IPTV is also very flexible when it comes to time. People can watch the programs that they missed due to any reason as all they have to do is request the service providers.

How does IPTV work?

You can say the IPTV is much like browsing the internet rather than surfing channels on traditional TV. IPTV utilizes an internet protocol which works as a transport protocol. It delivers the content that are programs and shows to the viewers. The customer just has to request the video or TV and the video from various sources is divided into data packets and then sent over the internet. The programs are transmitted through fiber-optic cable to existing households via internet connection and requests are sent out and shows are sent back.

Let us just have a look at the IPTV architecture to have a better understanding of how IPTV works

IPTV architecture

There are two different types of IPTV architecture depending on the network architecture of the service provider and those are: centralized and distributed.

The centralized architecture model is simple and easy to manage as all the content is kept on centralized servers. It doesn’t need a comprehensive content distribution system. For networks that provide smaller VOD service deployment, centralized architecture is a good option for them. It is also good for networks that have adequate core and edge bandwidth and has an efficient content delivery network.

Distributed architecture is also scalable just like the centralized model. This has some really amazing benefits like bandwidth usage advantages and inherent system management features that help to manage a larger server network. The distributed architecture model should be taken into consideration by the operators who are planning to deploy a relatively large system. But here is the thing, it requires intelligent and sophisticated content distribution technologies in order to augment the effective delivery of content over the service provider’s network.

Types of IPTV services

There are different types of IPTV services that you should know if you want to switch to it and today we are going to tell you some of those:

Video on Demand: AKA VoD. In this IPTV format, Individual delivery of video content takes place to a subscriber. It lets the viewer watch any movie from the VoD server’s media library.

Near Video on Demand: This pay-per-view video service is intended for multiple users that have subscribed to VoD service. The schedule of content broadcasting is shown beforehand so that users can look at it and plan when they want to watch what shows. They can watch the content as per the schedule.

Time-shifted TV: This is a really good one. The subscribers can watch the live broadcast later as per their convenience. This lets you rewind the TV programs

TV on Demand (TVoD): As cleared by the name, this lets you watch the TV show or program that you want to on your demand. You can choose what you want to watch and when you want to watch

Live TV: This IPTV service doesn’t require any explanation as well. You can watch any live show that is going on. There are many sports events that you would like to watch and this service lets you do that.